Monday, February 18, 2013

NATO(NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANIZATION)



Mengenal sejarah dan lahirnya Gerakan NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization)


NATO merupakan organisasi internasional yang menekankan dalam bidang pertahanan (militer) di Negara-negara atlantik utara.

Organisasi ini (NATO) dibentuk dengan maksud dan tujuan untuk membendung gerakan komunis yang merajalela di Negara-negara Eropa Barat setelah selesainya perang dunia ke 2. Untuk menghambat gerakan dan penyebaran ajaran komunis tersebut maka Negara-negara seperti Amerika Serikat, Inggris, belanda, Belgia, Kanada, Perancis, Italia, Luksemburg, Norwegia, Denmark,Portugal, dan Eslandia bergabung dalam organisasi ini.

Organisasi ini terbentuk setelah ditandatanganinya naskah perjanjian Atlantik Utara (North Atlantic Treaty) pada tanggal 4 April 1949. Markas besar NATO terletak di Brussel (Belgia). Yunani dan Turki menjadi anggota NATO pada tahun 1951.

Sedangkan Jerman Barat nantu baru pada tahun 1955 bergabung menjadi anggota NATO.

Adapun selain tujuan utama diatas terbentuknya NATO, ada juga tujuan lain yang diharapkan dari lahirnya NATO, yakni :
a. Menyelesaikan sengketa secara damai.
b. Menghapuskan sengketa politik ekonomi internasional.
c. Menghindarkan penggunaan kekerasan dan ancaman militer dalam hubungan internasional.
d. Saling membantu dan membela Negara yang tergabung dalam anggota NATO yang memperoleh serangan dari Negara lain, karena menyerang 1 negara anggota NATO adalah seolah-olah menyerang seluruh anggota NATO dan NATO itu sendiri.

 

Civilian structure

NATO Headquarters  
Permanent Representatives and National Delegations
International Staff (IS)
  Private Office (PO)
  Political Affairs and Security Policy Division
  NATO Liaison Office (NLO) in Georgia
  Partnership for Peace Documentation Center
  Operations Division
  Civil Emergency Planning
  Euro-Atlantic Disaster Response Coordination Centre (EADRCC)
  NATO Situation Centre
  Emerging Security Challenges Division
  Science for Peace and Security
  Defence Policy and Planning Division
  NATO Liaison Office (NLO) Ukraine
  Defence Investment Division
  Explosive Ordnance Disposal and Ammunition Storage Training Team
  The Group of National Directors on Codification (AC/135)
  NATO Codification System
  The NATO Naval Armaments Group (NNAG) (AC/141)
  The NATO Air Force Armaments Group (NAFAG) (AC/224)
  The NATO Army Armaments Group (NAAG) (AC/225)
  The CNAD Ammunition Safety Group (AC/326)
  Life Cycle Management Group (AC/327)
  Industrial Advisory Group (NIAG)
  Public Diplomacy Division
  NATO Multimedia Library
  Fellowship and sponsorship programmes
  NATO Information and Documentation Centre, Kyiv, Ukraine (in Ukrainian)
  NATO Information Office in Moscow (in Russian)
  NATO Contact Point Embassies in partner countries (PDF/39Kb)
  Executive Management
  Archives
  Recruitment Service
  NATO Internship Programme
  NATO Office of Resources (NOR)
  NATO Office of Security (NOS)
  NATO Headquarters Consultation, Command and Control Staff (NHQC3S)
  Office of the Financial Controller (FinCon)
  Office of the Chairman of the Senior Resource Board (SRB)
  Office of the Chairman of the Civil and Military Budget Committees (CBC/MBC))
  International Board of Auditors for NATO (IBAN)
  NATO Production and Logistics Organisations (NPLO)

Military structure

The Military Committee
International Military Staff Facebook-page
Plans and Policy Division
Operations Division
Intelligence Division
Cooperation and Regional Security Division
Logistics, Armaments and Resources Division
NATO Situation Centre
Financial Controller
NATO HQ Consultation, Control and Communications Staff (HQC3)
Partner Country Representation
NATO Training Group
Committee on women in the NATO Forces
NATO Military Audiovisual Working Group
 
Allied Command Operations (ACO)
Supreme Headquarters Allied Power Europe - SHAPE - Mons, BE - Facebook-page Twitter-feed YouTube-channel
Headquarters Allied Joint Force Command HQ Brunssum - Brunssum, NL - Facebook-page Twitter-feed YouTube-channel
Headquarters Allied Maritime Command HQ Northwood, GB
Headquarters Allied Air Command Ramstein (HQ AC Ramstein) - Ramstein, DE
Joint Headquarters Northeast - JHQ NORTHEAST - Karup, DK (deactivated)
Headquarters Allied Force Command Heidelberg, DE - Facebook-page
Headquarters Allied Joint Force Command Naples - Naples, IT Facebook-page
Headquarters Allied Maritime Command Naples - Naples, IT Facebook-page
Headquarters Allied Command - HQ Izmir, TR
Headquarters Allied Force Command Madrid - ES
Joint Headquarters South - JHQ SOUTH - Verona, IT (deactivated)
Joint Headquarters Southcentre - JHQ SOUTHCENT - Larissa, GR
Joint Headquarters Southeast - JHQ SOUTHEAST - Izmir, TR (deactivated)
NATO Military Liaison Office Belgrade
NATO Headquarters Sarajevo (NHQSa) - BA
NATO Headquarters Skopje (NHQSk) - former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia¹
Joint Headquarters Lisbon - Lisbon, PT - Facebook-page Twitter-feed YouTube-channel
Rapidly Deployable Corps Headquarters
Headquarters Allied Command Europe Rapid Reaction Corps (ARRC) - Rheindalen, DE - Facebook-page Twitter-feed YouTube-channel
Headquarters EUROCORPS in Strasbourg, FR
Multinational Corps Northeast - Szczecin, PL
Headquarters Rapid Deployable Italian Corps - Milan, IT
Headquarters Rapid Deployable Turkish Corps - Istanbul, TR
Headquarters Rapid Deployable German-Netherlands Corps - M√ľnster, DE
Headquarters Rapid Deployable Spanish Corps in Valencia, ES
Headquarters Rapid Deployable French Corps in Lille, FR
NATO Deployable Corps - GR
Other Staffs and Commands Responsible to SACEUR
  The Reaction Forces (Air) Staff - RF(A)S - Kalkar, DE
  NATO Airborne Early Warning Force (NAEWF) Facebook-page Twitter-feed
  Immediate Reaction Forces (Maritime)
  ACE Mobile Force - AMF - Heidelberg, DE
  Naval Striking and Support Forces - STRIKFORNATO - Naples, IT
  Standing Naval Force Atlantic - STANAVFORLANT
  Standing Naval Forces Mediterranean - STANAVFORMED
  Standing Naval Forces Channel - STANAVFORCHAN
 
Allied Command Transformation (ACT)
Headquarters Supreme Allied Commander Transformation - HQ SACT - Norfolk, US - Facebook-page Twitter-feed
Joint Warfare Centre - JWC - Stavanger, NO Facebook-page YouTube-channel
NATO Joint Force Training Centre - JFTC - Bydgoszcz, PL
NATO Maritime Interdiction Operational Training Center - NMIOTC - Souda Naval Base, Crete, GR
NATO Undersea Research Centre - NURC - La Spezia, IT
NATO School - Oberammergau, DE
Joint Analysis and Lessons Learned Centre - Lisbon, PT
       
Other NATO Command & Staff Organisations
  Canada-US Regional Planning Group - CUSRPG
  NATO Airborne Early Warning and Control Force Command - NAEW&CFC - Mons, BE
  Combined Joint Planning Staff - CJPS - Mons, BE

Organizations and Agencies

Support
NATO Support Agency (NSPA)
  NATO Maintenance Supply Agency (NAMSA)
  NATO Airlift Management Agency (NAMA)
  Central Europe Pipeline Management Agency (CEPMA)
Communications and information
NATO Communications and Information Agency (C & I A)
  NATO C3 Organisation
  NATO CIS Services Agency (NCSA)
  NATO Consultation, Command and Control Agency (NC3A)
  NATO Headquarters Information and Communication Technology Service (ICTM)
Science and Technology (S&T)
NATO Science and Technology Organization (STO)
  Science and Technology Board
  Programme Office for Collaborative S&T
  NATO Undersea Research Centre (NURC)
NATO Standardization Agency (NSA)
Programme Offices
NATO Alliance Ground Surveillance Management Agency (NAGSMA)
NATO Helicopter Design and Development Production and Logistics Management Agency (NAHEMA)
NATO Medium Extended Air Defence System Design and Development, Production and Logistics Management Agency (NAMEADSMA)
NATO Airborne Early Warning and Control Programme Management Agency (NAPMA)
Civil Emergency Planning
Senior Civil Emergency Planning Committee (SCEPC)
Civil Emergency Planning Boards and Committees
Euro-Atlantic Disaster Response Coordination Centre (EADRCC)
Air Traffic Management, Air Defence
The NATO Air Traffic Management Committee (NATMC)
The NATO Air Defence Committee (NADC)
Military Committee Air Defence Study Working Group (MC-ADSWG)
NATO Programming Centre (NPC)
Airborne Early Warning
The NATO Airborne Early Warning and Control Programme Management Organisation (NAPMO)
Electronic Warfare
NATO Electronic Warfare Advisory Committee (NEWAC)
Meteorology
Military Committee Meteorological Group (MCMG)
Military Oceanography
The Military Oceanography (MILOC) Group
Education and Training
NATO Defense College (NDC)
The NATO School - Oberammergau, Germany
NATO Communications and Information Systems (NCISS) School
The NATO Training Group (NTG)
NATO Maritime Interdiction Operational Training Center - NMIOTC - Souda Naval Base, Crete, GR
NATO accredited Centres of Excellence
Centre for Analysis and Simulation for the Preparation of Air Operations
Civil Military Cooperation
Cold Weather Operations
Combined Joint Operations from the Sea
Command and Control
Cooperative Cyber Defence
Counter Improvised Explosive Devices
Defence Against Terrorism
Human Intelligence
Joint Air Power Competence Centre
Joint Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear Defence
Military Engineering
Military Medical
Naval Mine Warfare
Operations in Confined and Shallow Waters
Project Steering Committees/Project Offices
  Alliance Ground Surveillance Capability Provisional Project Office (AGS/PPO)
  Battlefield Information Collection and Exploitation System (BICES)
  NATO Continuous Acquisition and Life Cycle Support Office (CALS)
  NATO FORACS Office
  Munitions Safety Information Analysis Center (MSIAC)            

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